Speech and Language disorders

(Stuttering, poor voice control, articulation problems)

How are Speech and Language Disorders treated?
There are a variety of ways to treat each patient. Our therapists will work with you to design a personal program to help you learn or re-learn communication skills. With education and information we also help families understand speech and language disorders and their treatment.

  • Evaluation to determine the extent of the disorder and probable cause
  • Information, education and support for the patient and family
  • Therapy activities, exercises, games with one on one interaction
  • Special equipment such as hearing aids, artificial voice aids, or other adaptive devices
  • Surgery can often correct structural causes such as cleft palate, misaligned teeth or punctured eardrums.

Swallowing Difficulties (Dysphagia)

Swallowing difficulty is the inability to swallow foods or liquids with ease. People who have a hard time swallowing may choke on their food or liquid when trying to swallow. Another medical name for swallowing difficulty is dysphagia. This symptom isn’t always indicative of a medical condition. In fact, swallowing difficulty may be temporary and go away on its own.

What are some signs or symptoms of swallowing disorders?

Several diseases, conditions, or surgical interventions can result in swallowing problems.

General signs may include:

  • coughing during or right after eating or drinking
  • wet or gurgly sounding voice during or after eating or drinking
  • extra effort or time needed to chew or swallow
  • food or liquid leaking from the mouth or getting stuck in the mouth
  • recurring pneumonia or chest congestion after eating
  • weight loss or dehydration from not being able to eat enough

What treatments are available for people with swallowing disorders?

Treatment depends on the cause, symptoms, and type of swallowing problem.

A speech-language pathologist may recommend:

  • specific swallowing treatment (e.g., exercises to improve muscle movement)
  • positions or strategies to help the individual swallow more effectively
  • specific food and liquid textures that are easier and safer to swallow